Hopefully, Everything You Need To Know
International Tiger Day, also known as Global Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July. Founded in 2010 during the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit, it is an international effort to draw worldwide attention to severely declining native populations of tigers and their ecosystems. It also serves to highlight the tigers who remain, and groups working to save them.
Bhutan Counts Tigers
Bhutan is the latest country to have accurate wild tiger numbers. Its first ever tiger survey report, released on Global Tiger Day, showed there to be 103 tigers in Bhutan.
For this small mountainous country, sandwiched between giants India and China, counting tigers is no easy task. 72% of Bhutan is dense forest. The country is home to the highest altitude tigers in the world, living at over 4000 metres. Setting camera traps at such heights requires mountaineering skills and nerves of steel!
Bangladesh Tiger Survey
Countries with strong political support are seeing an increase in tiger numbers. So far Nepal, India, Russia and Bhutan have conducted national tiger surveys. All have seen an increase in tiger numbers on previous estimates. Bangladesh has also just released figures from its first systematic tiger survey showing there are 106 wild tigers in the Sundarbans. There is also exciting evidence of tigers settling and breeding in Northeast China, and China is due to count their wild tigers soon.
Nepal First Ever To Achieve Zero Poaching
The common thread amongst all these countries is strong political support for tiger conservation. India began prioritising tigers in the early 1970’s and today has the highest number of wild tigers in the world. Russia brought their tiger population back from the brink by being the first country to ban tiger hunting in the 1940s. Nepal is the first country ever to achieve Zero Poaching.
Tigers are native to Asia. At present, it’s found only in 13 or 14 countries including China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Laos, Malaysia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal and perhaps North Korea. The main threat to the survival of tigers is the loss of their natural habitats. Forests, grasslands and swamps are being developed into cities, towns, farming regions and industrial areas. Tigers are solitary animals and require space in which to hunt.
Some Tiger Facts
- A hundred years ago 100,000 tigers roamed in Asia, but now only 3,000 survive in the wild
- The roar of a Bengal tiger can carry for over 2km at night
- Unlike other cats, tigers are good swimmers and often cool off in lakes and streams during the heat of the day
- Tigers are carnivores, eating only meat
- Tigers are solitary hunters and generally search for food alone at night
- Every tiger in the world is unique – no two tigers have the same pattern of stripes
Help WWF Double Wild Tigers
Himalayan Footsteps® is a reliable ethical holiday specialist for Asia and delivers tailor-made tours and tiger safaris in many of the countries where tigers are now found. We are passionate about protecting tigers and their habitat. If you’d like to donate, visit this link.
We’d love to know what you think about this issue. Please leave a comment below.